Osteoporosis is a condition most commonly seen in women that often begins with the loss of bone density around the time of menopause. Osteoporosis increases the chance of broken bones, painful fractures and can increase the chance of death. To help prevent this condition, an increase in calcium intake and weight bearing exercises are important.
There are several osteoporosis medications available to both prevent and treat osteoporosis. Bisphosphonates like alendronate (Fosamax) and risedronate (Actonel) have been shown to reduce bone loss and the risk of fractures. However, these medications are poorly absorbed and must be taken on an empty stomach with lots of water.
Raloxifene (Evista) is used to prevent and treat osteoporosis. It reduces bone loss and the risk of back fractures. Calcitonin (Miacalcin or Calcimar) is a nasal spray that reduces the risk of back fractures in those with osteoporosis.
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